Long-awaited lease accounting standards from the FASB and IASB will impact independence decisions. For example, the AICPA’s Code currently permits most operating leases – they just need to be made at arm’s length and kept current. Under the new accounting standards, leases held by firms and covered members, e.g. persons on the attest team, many nonaudit services providers, and those managing the firm’s assurance practice (among others), will be subject to additional restrictions potentially when these leases are brought onto the company’s balance sheet. (See the attached article about the organizations’ development of the standards.) That said, the AICPA has a project on its 3-year agenda to revise the independence standard on leases in light of these developments.
In its most recently adopted budget and strategic plan, the PCAOB, among many other objectives related to independence and audit quality, included a goal to study firms’ business models to determine whether those models pose risks to audit quality. Based on their findings, the Board may consider policy options to mitigate the risks. The Board will also report on the evolution and structure of the firms’ services and whether the multidisciplinary model has a negative effect on independence and audit quality. In monitoring approaches to enhancing independence, objectivity and professional skepticism, the Board will also closely follow developments in the EU, which adopted a mandatory firm rotation requirement that goes into effect in 2016.
The AICPA recently issued an omnibus ethics proposal that would provide requirements for situations in which a member’s practice is sold, transferred or discontinued (i.e. files transfer, return of client records, and confidentiality) and require disclosure of permissible commission and referral fee arrangements be provided in writing. Comments are due May 16, 2016.
Our Fall 2015 Newsletter is devoted solely to the new independence rules in the EU framework, which update the 2006 Statutory Audit Directive and create a new regulation that applies to statutory audits of “public interest entities”. Rules applicable under the new reg. include limits on audit firm terms, tightened restrictions on nonaudit services, and a new nonaudit fee cap, among other things. The Newsletter provides a recap of the more significant elements – which may impact US affiliates of EU companies (and vice versa) — and provides suggestions for firms’ consideration as they look to implement the new rules in their practices.
Stressing requirements to be independent and competent (among other things), the letter provides good, basic info for persons charged with hiring a firm to audit their employee benefit plan(s) in accordance with the ERISA law.
Topics the AICPA’s PEEC (Professional Ethics Executive Committee) discussed at its most
recent meeting included: nonpaying clients, written disclosures for commissions, cloud
services, and whether CPAs should plan ahead to ensure proper distribution of their clients’
files when they die, among others. Highlights of the discussions appear below.
Objective: To review significant differences between state board rules and the AICPA Code and make recommendations about issues where the PEEC should reconsider an interpretation.
The rule on withholding member work product when a client has not paid for the work was a special focus; about 60 percent of state boards agree with the AICPA’s Code, which allows a member to withhold work product the client has not paid for– while a few large states disagree. The ones that disagree, disagree strongly. Given that the majority of the boards trend towards acceptance of the practice, the task force recommended not re-addressing the guidance in the AICPA Code. The PEEC unanimously agreed with the task force’s recommendation to take no action at this time.
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Issued almost three years ago, the PCAOB’s Maintaining and Applying Professional Skepticism in Audits, provides salient guidance on avoiding the barriers that can crimp professional skepticism on audits, the critical touch points in the audit process, and ways to overcome — at times — unconscious bias. The Alert is, in part, a back-to-basics reminder that the auditor’s objective is to obtain sufficient evidence “to determine whether the financial statements are materially mistated rather than merely looking for evidence that supports management’s assertions.”
If you’ve never read the Alert, or you read it back in 2012 when it was issued, you may want to take a (re-)look; it contains excellent food for thought and can help inform your firm’s efforts to enhance the quality of audits and other attest services.
Good article in CPA Trendlines by Jody Padar (The Radical CPA) on scope creep; I like the advice – not only in terms of revenue generation but also risk management. And, if you’re providing any type of attest service, this is critical. Spelling out your services – what you will and won’t be providing a client – is also key. Only thing I would add to the same engagement letter (for a firm that must be independent) is language to reflect the client’s agreement to assign competent management to oversee the nonaudit service and take responsibility for all management decisions.
Could FASB revisions to the concept of “materiality” (as described in this article) help “unblur” some lines?
AICPA independence rules often reference the FASB literature on key concepts such as control and significant influence. Materiality – while used in financial interest, affiliate, business relationship, and other rules – has long been undefined by standards-setters, with the understanding that CPAs make materiality judgments all the time.
Time will tell whether this will be a help –
A Journal of Accountancy article provides some great advice on becoming a niche CPA firm, enhancing the quality of your services, and reducing costs and regulatory/litigation risk. Specialization also reduces the burden on you and your people to keep up with myriad technical standards and remain competent.
If you’re keeping up with the profession, you know there’s a movement underfoot to improve audit quality. Both the DOL and the PCAOB have cited concerns about audits of benefit plans and broker/dealers, respectively, and the AICPA has released a 6-point plan for improving audit quality.
Technical standards overload and the accompanying risks are here to stay most likely. Here’s a way to address those issues.